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Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 300 Words or 500 Words –
1. Name, birth, parents & higher education –
Most people know him as Mahatma Gandhi or Gandhi Ji, but his full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
He is also called the father of the nation.
Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent political and spiritual leader of the country. He contributed a lot to the freedom movement.
He was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbander in Gujrat. His father’s name was Kaba Gandhi who was the Diwan of Rajkot and his mother’s name was Putlibai.
He studied law from London and also went to England to become a barrister.
When he returned to India, he also practiced in Mumbai but didn’t get much success. Then, he moved to Rajkot and started writing applications for the cases.
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2. Qualities and achievements –
He was a very simple person and believed in simple living and high thinking. He always treated people like a friend and never hated anyone.
Mahatma Gandhi was a man of peace and loved his countrymen. He always tried his best to make his country better.
He was also known for his wide-ranging approach. Gandhi Ji had many achievements. He organized the people of India through his leadership.
During his reign, many people rose against British Rule.
When the people began supporting Mahatma Gandhi, he started Quit India Movement in 1942. As a result, the people of India got independence from the British.
He was nominated for the Nobel Prize five times for his good work.
During the First World War, Mahatma Gandhi was conferred the title of Kaisar-i-Hind.
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3. Principles & books –
Gandhi Ji lived his whole life as a vegetarian. Although he gained flesh-eating experience in his childhood, after that, he gave up eating meat completely.
Even when he was going to London, he promised his mother and uncle that they both would abstain from meat and wine.
He always spoke the truth and never fought anyone. He accepted celibacy at the age of 36.
Mahatma Gandhi was a very simple person because he believed that if a person had to be a social worker, he would have to lead a simple life and dedicate himself to others.
He believed in all religions. Apart from this, he read books of all religions to gain more knowledge.
Also, he was very interested in writing books.
He wrote some very famous books such as Satya Ke Prayog, Hind Swaraj ( Indian Home Rule ), Satyagraha in South Africa, etc.
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4. Contribution to the country –
He devoted his entire life to the service of the country. He did many successful movements in the country.
Gandhi’s first major achievement was in 1915. It was related to Champaran Satyagraha and Kheda Satyagraha.
He asked everyone to use clothes made from indigenous Khadi. The purpose was to boycott English clothes as he believed that British rule was the main reason for poverty.
He started the Non-Cooperation Movement to bite the dust to the British. In this movement, he made non-cooperation, non-violence and peace his weapons.
He also launched several other movements which were linked to alcoholism, ignorance, poverty, etc.
Moreover, when the British government approved another constituency for Dalits, Mahatma Gandhi entered into an agreement with Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.
As a result, no other constituency was created.
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5. Conclusion –
He played an important role in making India a strong nation.
Under his leadership, he made the British rulers realize that the Indians had now fully awakened and leaving India was the only option for them.
He did what he could for the country.
On 30 January 1948, Nathuram Godse shot him to death when he was going to evening prayer. Consequently, the people of the country were greatly despondent.
We still remember him for the work he did for his country.
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Short Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi or A Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 200 words –
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is also known as Gandhi Ji or Mahatma Gandhi. He is called the father of the nation.
He was born on 2 October 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujrat. His father, Kaba Gandhi was the Diwan of Rajkot and his mother, Putlibai was the housewife.
He completed his higher education in England and returned from there as a barrister. He was a very virtuous soul who established unity in India by his understandings.
Additionally, he abolished many evils in society. Due to his successful efforts, people lived with love and affection.
Gandhi Ji was a skilled politician as well as a good writer.
He also spent some time of his life in South Africa. After returning from there, his real struggle began.
After returning back to India, Gandhiji led the fight for India’s independence from the British and eventually he became successful.
He wrote many stories of his life in his books. He organized many non-violent campaigns due to which he was also imprisoned many times.
Gandhi Ji was assassinated at Birla Bhavan in Delhi by Nathuram Godse on 30 January 1948.
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5 Lines on Mahatma Gandhi in English –
- Mahatma Gandhi is called by two names that are Bapu and the nation of India.
- He was a non-violent person.
- He played an important role in getting freedom from the British.
- Besides a politician, he was a great writer.
- He was shot in the garden of the former Birla House.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 10 lines –
- The full name of Mahatma Gandhi is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
- He was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujrat.
- His parents’ names were Karamchand Gandhi ( Kaba Gandhi ) and Putlibai.
- His father was the Diwan of Rajkot.
- He believed in simple living and high thinking.
- He always spoke the truth.
- When he was 36, he adopted celibacy.
- He played a very important role in liberating India.
- Also, he wrote many books because he was a good writer.
- He was killed on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse.
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Final words –
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